That’s the subject of a new paper that looks at data from New Zealand.
This paper studies theoretically and empirically whether and how governments can affect the behaviour of CEOs through the use of awards and honours. Our model predicts that government awards have a negative effect on firm performance. This effect is stronger in non-competitive industries. The empirical analysis uses two legal reforms in New Zealand: knighthoods and damehoods were abolished in April 2000 but reinstated in August 2009. The findings are consistent with the predictions of the model. Overall, our results indicate that governments can redirect firms towards a “stakeholder view”; through the use of government awards to the detriment of shareholders.
It would be interesting if someone did some similar analysis for Canadian corporations before the Second World War.