Wente on Ontario Universities

14 04 2010

Yesterday, Globe columnist Margaret Wente published a piece in which she denounced Ontario’s academics as overpaid people who devoted too much time to research and not enough time the job taxpayers expect them to do, namely, teaching undergraduates.

Wente’s piece has generated a strong response. This letter appeared in today’s Globe.

“Dear Editor;

Margaret Wente, in her complaints about Canadian university faculty being the highest paid in the world (“Universities are sitting ducks for reform,” April 13, 2010), bases her argument on a 2008 Boston College report that itself cautions readers that, lacking consistent data across countries being available, their study “must be seen as a first attempt rather than a definitive report.”

Regrettably Wente shows no such caution when urging Canadians to adopt a university system where faculty are no longer paid to perform research. Hundreds of years of university experience have shown that faculty research and teaching are intertwined, enriching and enlivening each other, to the benefit of students. To drop this research-based model in favour of “efficiently delivering mass undergraduate education” will reduce the university to being a kind of upper-level high school.

Our students don’t need more high school. They need interaction with faculty who are pushing the frontiers of knowledge. Wente is too swift to abandon quality higher education, especially in view of the enormous challenges we face, such as healthcare and global security. We need the best possible postsecondary system to generate solutions to these urgent issues.

The research model might cost more, but education on the cheap is too expensive a solution.

Mark Langer
Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations”

Ms. Wente makes some interesting comments in her piece. I don’t disagree that the Ontario university system needs a major overhaul.  However, I think that there are some flawed ideas in her piece that need to be pointed out.

First, Wente seems to dismiss the research that is 40% of the job of the typical academic. She said: “U.S. commentator Walter Russell Mead remarks, taxpayers are not going to subsidize research in critical literary theory much longer”.

Very few professors devote their time to critical literary theory. I would hazard to say that many Canadian universities are without a specialist in the theories of Foucault. Most taxpayers would probably say that a lot of the pomo theory stuff is garbage. But the practitioners of that, er, scholarly tradition represent a miniscule minority of all professors.  [Moreover, the postmodern stuff is far more prevalent in the United States than it is here in Canada. The pomo BS is even less common in Britain and is unknown in universities in many European countries. Obviously there are advantages and disadvantages with different degrees of state control, but to my mind, this pattern suggests why publicly-funded universities that are under state supervision may be a better arrangement than the privately-funded universities of the US, a more laissez-faire environment where much of the truly nonsensical stuff flourishes along with all of the cutting-edge research].

Anyway, what about all of the professors who research terrible diseases or who teach difficult to learn but commercially vital Asian languages or who publish on important topics such as the Holocaust or why financial crises happen?  What about the many academic historians who write books that ordinary people read in the evening after work? In the field of Canadian history there are Professors John English and Jonathan Vance who fall into this category, which is one that I hope to join. Pointing to the tiny minority of people who abuse the system isn’t fair.

Moreover, Ms. Wente cites an academic book in her column. In fact, she praises Academic Transformation: The Forces Reshaping Higher Education in Ontario. This book was published by an academic press (MQUP) and the authors are professors. The fact that Wente read and then cited this book undermines her own argument that academic research is largely useless.

The professor who publishes shoddy research devoid of social utility is, in my view, a trivial problem. The stereotype of the professor who issues a stream of books written in pomo jargon is largely a myth.  There may, however, be a problem with professors who simply don’t publish enough or who are indifferent in their teaching. However, there are systems for dealing with this. Students evaluate the teaching of their professors.  TVOntario rewards Ontario’s best university and college lecturers. Getting tenure in North America often requires the publication of two peer-reviewed books, at least in book-oriented disciplines.

The British government measures the scholarly output of academics and then uses the results to rank university departments (with some surprising results, I might add) and so it will know where to allocate funds. The British do this not because they share Ms. Wente’s apparent disdain for academic research but because they want _more_ academic research to be produced and are willing to incentive academics to produce results. The results of the British system are impressive: in per capita terms British scientific and humanities academics outperform scholars from other countries in terms of both volume and influence (citation counts) of publication. Ontario seems to be inching in the direction of adopting something similar to the British RAE/REF system. The Ontario government’s new Higher Education Quality Council, which seems to have been inspired by Higher Education Funding Council in the UK.

Two Solitudes and the Niqab

14 03 2010

That is the title of a piece by Margaret Wente in the Globe and Mail. Ms Wente makes a really interesting observations: “The Quebec-English [Canada] differences over immigration and integration echo those between France and Britain. France is contemplating a ban on the burka and niqab. In Britain, any politician who’d dare suggest such a thing would be denounced as a fascist. ”

[Shameless self-promotion warning]. Have a look at my recent paper on the British legacy in Canada. “Canadian Progress and the British Connection: Why Canadian Historians Seeking the Middle Ground Should Give 2½ Cheers for the British Empire” in Contesting Clio’s Craft: New Directions and Debates in Canadian History edited by Christopher Dummitt and Michael Dawson (Washington D.C.; Brookings Institution Press, 2009). In the paper, I argue that Canada’s colonization by the British as opposed to some other colonial power was a good thing overall. I don’t dispute that colonization involved massive losses for the First Nations and other groups, but we were lucky that Canada was part of the British Empire during its formative stages, rather than some other empire (the Spanish, French, or American for that matter).  One of the things that the British bequeathed to Canada has a firm belief in tolerance. Needless to say, tolerance is not an absolute: sometimes the virtue of tolerance needs to be moderated by other considerations. I don’t know that the right approach to niqabs in Quebec is, but I am convinced that the differences between Quebec between English-speaking Canada on this issue can only be understood by taking history into account.

There are many great essays in the Contesting Clio’s Craft book, so check it out.